Frequently Asked Questions

What is Infertility?

Infertility refers to an inability to conceive after having regular unprotected sex. Infertility can also refer to the biological inability of an individual to contribute to conception, or to a female who cannot carry a pregnancy to full term

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What are the main types of Infertility?

Infertility can be classified into:-
1) Primary infertility
refers to couples who have not become pregnant after at least 1 year having sex without using birth control methods.
2)Secondary infertility refers to couples who have been able to get pregnant at least once, but now are unable.

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How is Infertility Treated?

The Choice of the treatment depends on the cause of infertility, which requires the advice of an infertility specialist who decides the most suitable form of treatment for a particular couple.

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What is Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART)?

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the technology used to achieve pregnancy in medical procedures.

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What is Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)?

This is the method by which processed semen is placed directly in the uterus with the help of a catheter. IUI can be done in natural cycle, however, to get better results, it is usually preceded by controlled ovarian stimulation using appropriate fertility enhancing medicines.

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What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Embryo Transfer (ET)?

Commonly known as “Test Tube Baby”, IVF means fertilization of an egg outside the body and subsequent transfer of the fertilized eggs (embryos) into uterus of the patient .This is the final step in the IVF process which is called Embryo transfer (ET) . IVF is the most widely practiced ART procedure in the world. The procedure does not need admission at any step and is conducted on an outpatient basis.

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What are the Steps involved in an IVF procedure?

-Ovarian stimulation by hormonal injections to produce multiple eggs. -Monitoring of the response by ultrasound scans and blood tests. -Egg retrieval with the help of a needle under local anesthesia. -Fertilization of the eggs in the IVF lab. -Stereozoom Microscopic scrutiny and examination of the resulting embryos, -Transfer of the healthy embryo(s) into the uterus of the woman. -Blood test (ß.HCG) is performed approximately 15 days after embryo transfer to assess the establishment of pregnancy. If the treatment procedure is successful, one or more embryos implant in the uterus and pregnancy results just as it happens in the natural process of conception.

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What is intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and how does it work?

Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) differs from conventional in vitro fertilisation (IVF) in that the embryologist selects a single sperm to be injected directly into an egg, instead of fertilisation taking place in a dish where many sperm are placed near an egg.  ICSI enables fertilisation to happen when there are very few sperm available.

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What is Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy is an examination of the interior of the abdomen by means of an instrument called a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a small telescope- like instrument with a light on one end which is passes through a small incision below the navel. This allows the physician to view and examine the organs in the abdominal cavity.

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What is diagnostic laparoscopy?

A diagnostic laparoscopy is a procedure in which the laparoscopic surgeon uses a laparoscope, to look at the organs and tissues inside the abdominal cavity.

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What is Laparoscopic surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery is a method by which surgery is done by making small incisions on the abdominal wall and inserting the instruments through specially designed ports. The procedure will be visualized with the help of a camera, which will also be introduced through one of these ports. What are the advantages of this method? In conventional surgery a long incision is made to gain entry into the abdominal cavity and operate. This result in increased post- operative pain, longer stay in hospital, delayed recovery, long and ugly scars, respiratory problems, higher chance of wound infection, higher chance of incision hernia, delayed feeding after surgery. The incidence of all this is dramatically reduces by laparoscopic surgery.

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What are the procedure that can be done by laparoscopic surgery?

Almost all surgeries being done in open surgery are nowadays being performed. The most common however are cholecystectomy (removal of the gall bladder), appendicectomy (removal of the appendix), tubal ligation (sterilization), diagnostic laparoscopy, hernia repair and Hysterectomy.

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Will I need anaesthesia?

Diagnostic laparoscopy and hernia repairs can be done under local anaesthesia but all other procedures will require general anaesthesia.

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How long do I have to stay in hospital?

A healthy person without any other medical ailments and complications can be investigated on an out-patient basis.

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